November 2018

History

Declaration of state independence. The state independence is an invaluable political achievement in the new history of Tajikistan. The Declaration of Independence of the Republic of Tajikistan was adopted during the intense political resistance at the Second Session of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Tajikistan (12th Convocation) on 24 August 1990.
The independence declared in this historical document was yet considered as “independence within the competence of the Soviet Union”, because the Republic of Tajikistan had the right to decide political, economic, social and cultural issues in its territory except the issues within the competence of the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics.
The beginning of 90th of the 20th century was a period of unpredictable historical developments for the former Soviet Union and union republics. In fact, political phenomena and developments had been changing so quickly that even the highest leadership in those countries was not able to really comprehend the process.
The events of August 1991 demonstrated the final days of the superpower. Since then, republics began to realize the essence of independence and started endeavor and struggle for gaining full independence. Since it was clearly obvious that such political process would affect Tajikistan as well, it became necessary for amendment of the Declaration of 1990.

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Economy

1. Economic reform and private sector development

Implementation of the initiatives of the
Founder of Peace and National Unity, the Leader of the Nation,
President of the Republic of Tajikistan, H.E. Emomali Rahmon on national
economic reforms, particularly on improvement of investment climate,
support to the private sector and  the implementation of the necessary
activities on development of priority sectors had a positive impact on
the development of Tajikistan and created a favourable environment for
sustainable economic development.

Since its early independence, Tajikistan
has implemented a series of national economic reforms by transferring
from a planned economy to a market based economy and has undertaken
various important steps in this direction, including adoption of a
number of laws and regulations defining and regulating economic
relations.

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Culture and Education

Education and Science. Qualitatively new relations emerged in the history of education of the Republic of Tajikistan by the support of the President of the country Emomali Rahmon during the state independence of the Republic of Tajikistan in order to implement the state policy, which are reflected in the Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan as well as in the laws and other legal acts.
Despite the difficulties and troubles of the past time, the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan considers education as one of the priority areas of the country and protects it.
In 1991-1992 academic years, the number of general education institutions reached 3179, which 614 of them were primary schools, 634 schools of general compulsory education, 1916 schools of general secondary education, a gymnasium and 14 schools for children with mental and physical disabilities. In 2010, a total number of those facilities reached 3,747, including 540 primary schools, 678 main schools, 2,311 secondary educational institutions. Thus, during this period the number of schools increased by 518. In connection with the transition to self-financing of secondary educational institutions, 113 day schools - branches at high schools were opened.

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Tourism

It is well-known that tourism is recognized as one of the highly profitable area of the world economy and economic phenomena of the 20th century.
Tourism plays an important role in generating GDP, revitalization of foreign trade balance, employment of population and creation of new additional jobs and promotes the development of various sectors such as transport and communications, culture, arts, production of consumers goods and other sectors of economy in majority of countries.
Tajikistan has also rich historical and cultural inheritances and natural resources and has a real potential for encouragement of more tourists to the country. Having taken into account the above-mentioned factors, the Government of Tajikistan has identified the tourism as priority of its economic policy.
Tajikistan established fruitful cooperation with the World Tourism Organization (WTO) from the very beginning of its accession to this Organization. In May 2010, His Excellency T. Rifai, WTO Secretary General, has visited Tajikistan and had successful meetings with Emomali Rahmon, the President of the Republic of Tajikistan and a number of officials in relevant ministries and agencies of the country. As a result, a Memorandum of Understanding on tourism cooperation was signed between relevant authorized agencies and WTO.

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World Community

Following the independence, Tajikistan has entered international relations as a sovereign actor of the international law. It declared that its relations, as a full-fledged member, will be directed towards maintaining peace, elimination of nuclear arms and other weapons of mass destruction and prevention of use of force in solving disputes between sovereign states. This point is enshrined at the Declaration of Independence of the Republic of Tajikistan that states: “Republic of Tajikistan, as a sovereign subject of international law establishes diplomatic, consular, trade and other relations with foreign countries, makes exchange of authorized representatives with them and concludes international agreements.”
Today independence of the Republic of Tajikistan is officially recognized by 150 countries of the world. By recognizing the international acts regulating international relations, such as United Nations Charter, Helsinki Final Act, Paris Declaration and others, the Republic of Tajikistan established the foundation of its internal and external policies, considering the people and protection of their rights and freedoms as the highest value, regardless of nationality, religion, race and sex.

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Послание Президента Республики Таджикистан, Лидера нации Эмомали Рахмона Маджлиси Оли Республики Таджикистан (Паёми Президенти Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон)

Президенти Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон Эмомалӣ Раҳмон

Уважаемые члены Маджлиси милли и депутаты Маджлиси намояндагон!
Дорогие соотечественники!

Республика Таджикистан, несмотря на изменения в мире в политической и экономической сферах и в области безопасности, делает устойчивые шаги по пути поступательного экономического развития, достижения стратегических целей во имя обеспечения достойной жизни народа.

Однако нас настораживает то, что в последнее время в мире наблюдаются проявления гегемонизма, стремительного перевооружения и признаки начала нового этапа «холодной войны».

В текущем году в различных точках планеты продолжались конфликты и волнения, в связи с чем этот год стал тяжелым и противоречивым периодом для мирового сообщества.

За этот период более чем ста государств мира подверглись бесчеловечным и жестоким атакам террористов и экстремистов.

Реальность такова, что география распространения конфликтов ширится все больше, глобальные вызовы сегодня оказывают давление на фундаментальные основы миропорядка и принципы международных отношений.

Дальнейшее продолжение этой ситуации может привести к углублению вызовов и угроз в политической, экономической и гуманитарной сферах и в области безопасности в различных регионах мира.

В настоящее время наша страна предпринимает эффективные меры по формированию соответствующего внутреннего и внешнего потенциала для своевременного реагирования на глобальные вызовы и угрозы

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Solemn gathering on the occasion of the launch of the first aggregate of Roghun HPP

Ҷамъомади тантанавӣ ба муносибати оғози кори агрегати аввали Нерӯгоҳи барқи обии “Роғун”

The Founder of Peace and National Unity – Leader of the Nation, President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon and Dushanbe Chairman Rustami Emomali attended a gala concert to mark the launching of the first hydro unit of the Roghun hydropower plant at the Navruzgoh Complex of Dushanbe.

The head of state once more congratulated every resident of our country and our compatriots abroad on the initial power generated in ‘Roghun’ HPP – the bright light of the households of Tajik people and glittering future of our beloved Motherland.

The President of our country noted that the launch of the first hydro unit of ‘Roghun’ Hydropower Plant is a memorable and milestone event for every resident of Tajikistan.

The Leader of the Nation, Emomali Rahmon, spoke about the efforts and measures taken by the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan in the period of independence to achieve sustainable development and ensure a decent life of the people.

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Speech at Roghun HPP First Unit Launch Ceremony

Президенти Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон Эмомалӣ Раҳмон

Distinguished Compatriots,
Dear Builders of ‘Roghun’ Hydropower Plant,
Esteemed Guests,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

Today the noble people of independent Tajikistan are overjoyed as their long-awaited desire, i.e. the launch of the first unit of the life-changing ‘Roghun’ Hydropower Plant and start of generation of power in this facility has become true.

This milestone moment shall be recorded with golden letters in the new history of independent and sovereign Tajikistan our current and future generations shall be proud of and honored with it.

I offer my heartfelt congratulations on this occasion to all of the residents of our country, compatriots abroad. May I commend the constructors of this grand facility of light, who have bravely and patiently demonstrated high sense of national dignity and patriotism in the field of creative efforts and the scene of national dedication and extend my gratitude on behalf of the Government of Tajikistan!

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Commissioning Ceremony of the First Unit of “Roghun” HPP

Today, the Founder of Peace and National Unity – Leader of the Nation, President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon arrived in Roghun city to attend the commissioning ceremony of the first hydro unit of the Roghun hydropower plant.
The Leader of the Nation Emomali Rahmon was greeted with special warmth and sincerity at the temporary airport of Roghun’s construction site by the Prime Minister of the country Qohir Rasulzoda.
The representatives of Russia, Italy, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Belarus, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan as well as leading experts of regional and international organizations were invited to Tajikistan to participate in this historic event.


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Useful Links

Сомонаи Президенти Тоҷикистон
Сомонаи Вазорати Маориф
Нашрияи расмии Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон - "Ҷумҳурият"
Агентии Миллии Иттилоотии Тоҷикистон «Ховар»
Вазорати корҳои хориҷии Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон
Вазорати корҳои дохилии Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон
Маркази миллии қонунгузории назди Президенти Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон

 

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